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2022年下半年新疆自考《英语二》模拟题及答案(一)

发布日期:2022-08-05 11:23:02 编辑整理:新疆自考网 【字体: 【学历咨询】
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注意事项∶

1. 答题前, 考生务必把自己的姓名、考生号等填写在答题卡相应的位置上。

2. 做选择题时, 必须用 2B 铅笔把答题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑, 如需改动, 用橡皮擦干净后, 再选涂其它答案标号。

3. 非选择题必须使用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔, 将答案写在答题卡规定的位置上。

4. 所有题目必须在答题卡上指定位置作答, 不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

5. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后, 将答题卡交回。


第一部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分 50 分)


第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2. 5 分, 满分 37. 5分)


阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。


A

What's On In Hong Kong

Whether it's music, art, stage, screen, restaurant and bar deals, or the great outdoors---there's always something interesting going on in Hong Kong.


*Tim Yip: Blue—Art, Costumes and Memory*

What A well-known visual artist, costume designer, and art director for stage and film (particularly on his work for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon、for which he won an Oscar), Tim Yip has been a proud promoter of eastern aestheticism(唯美主义)for 30 years. For his first large-scale personal exhibition in Hong Kong. Yip explores the nature of human imagination and the depths of the subconscious mind.

Where HKDI Gallery, Hong Kong Design Institute

When Until March 31, 2022


*Alice's Adventure at Starlight Garden*

What Introduced last year, this exhibition became a huge hit, with more than 6, 000 photos and videos posted online every day. Created by 27 multimedia digital artists from Korea, the exhibition features a 30-foot rabbit hole for visitors to explore the fantasy world made famous in the book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

Where   New Town Plaza, 18 Sha Tin Centre Street, Sha Tin

When    Until January 13, 2022


*Travel in Our Minds*

What This exhibition of sculpture aims to present ideas of . theatricality, the fantastical, travel and exchange, with statues that take the forms of humans and animals. Made by artist Ethan Murrow, these objects are inspired by puppetry(木偶), music, trade, navigation and beyond, with intertwining effects of materiality, sound and imagination.

Where  Duddell's, Level 3, Shanghai Tang Mansion

When  Until February 10, 2022


*Garth Weiser*

What Simon Lee Gallery presents an exhibition of new work by Garth Weiser, the New York City-based artist's third show with the gallery. Weiser has a reputation for mixing up the lines between painting and sculpture, using thick color to create paintings on which he leaves behind a collection of unique lines, curves and slashes.

Where 12 Pedder Street, Central

When  May 15-June 27


21. Where can we find the fashion design?

A. In HKDI Gallery. B. In Duddell's.

C. In 12 Pedder Street. D. In New Town Plaza.


22. What highlights Alice's Adventure at Starlight Garden?

A. Creating multimedia digital.

B. Enjoying photos and videos online.

C. Exploring a 30-foot rabbit hole.

D. Discovering the nature of human imagination.


23. What type of writing is this text?

A. An art show review. B. An exhibition guide.

C. An announcement. D. An official report.


B

With three young children It is unlikely to have been an undertaking for which Kate needed much preparation.

But Kate, the Duchess(公爵夫人)of Cambridge, will read a CBeebies Bedtime Story for Children’s Mental Health Week in which she Intends to inspire youngsters across the country. She has chosen The Owl Who as Afraid of the Dark by Jill Tomlinson for the Growing Together" theme on the children's television channel.


It tells of a baby owl called Plop who is helped by others to grow in confidence and overcome his fears. A photograph of the reading shows the duchess looking relaxed in a fashion sweater in cream, which costs  £79, and jeans. She is sitting outside on a blanket by a campfire and a den(兽窝)made from logs, built at Kensington Palace for the reading. Several owls are placed around tree trunks in front of a starry night-time backdrop.


The duchess is the royal sponsor of Plce2Be, a children's mental health charity, and first lunched Children's Mental Health Week with it in 2015. This year will focus on encouraging children and adults to consider how they have grown emotionally and "recognizing that trying new things can help people move beyond their comfort z0nes".


Kate has long been committed to raising awareness of the importance of early childhood experiences. Patricia Reina, director of BBC children's education, said:- It's such a special and relevant tale and perfectly represents this year's Children's Mental Health Week theme. I can't wait to see her deliver her own take on such a classic story and I'm sure our audience can’t either.

The duchess personally chose the book because it is a title she likes reading with her own children, having enjoyed a longer version of the book when she was young.


24. Which of the following best describes Kate's reading show?

A. Costly. B. Controversial. C. Time-consuming. D. Labour-saving.


25. What does paragraph 3 intend to tell us?

A. To show concern for the baby owl's home.

B. To describe the baby owl's fears of dark nights

C. To share a photograph of the reading show.

D. To introduce the setting of the reading show.


26.Why did Kate participle in the reading show?

A. She expects to have a good reputation,

B. She hopes to encourage children to move forward

C. Place2Be has agreed, her to read the story.

D. Many children are suffering mental problems


27 What can we learn about Kate-from the passage?

A. She is skilled in reading stories.

B. She has made the show in the wild.

C. She has ever read the story to others.

D. She has helped the baby owl overcome his fears.


C

Plastic recycling is a hot topic, But what's the real face behind if? You diligently sort your rubbish; you dutifully wash your plastic container; then everything gets thrown in a landfill or in the ocean anyway, According to one aalyx1s, only 9% of all plastic ever made has likely been recycled. Here' the kicker: the companies making all that plastic have spent millions on advertising campaigns lecturing us about recycling while knowing full well that most plastic will never be recycled.


A new investigation by National Public Radio (NPR) and the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)reports that the large oil and gas companies that manufacture plastics have known for decades that recycling plastic was unlikely to ever happen on a broad scale because of the-high costs involved. "They were not interested in putting any real money or effort into recycling because they wanted to sell raw material, "Larry Thomas, former president of one of the plastic industry's most powerful trade groups, told NPR. There is a lot more money to be made in selling new plastic than reusing the old stuff. But, in order to keep selling new plastic, the industry had to clean up its wasteful image. "If the public thinks that recycling is working, then they are not going to be so concerned about the environment, "Thomas noted.


We have been successfully convinced that people start pollution and people can stop It and that if we just recycle more, the planet will be OK. To some degree, that s right there must be a level of personal responsibility when It comes to the climate emergency. We all have to do our part. But individual action is a tiny drop in a heavily polluted ocean. We need systematic change to make a real difference. And, more than anything, we need to change what we value.


28. According to the text, what does the underlined word "kicker" probably mean?

A. A player who kicks the football.

B. An event that is controversial.

C. An action that is taken to start a plan quickly.

D. A discovery that is unpleasant and unexpected.


29. Which best describes Larry Thomas' opinion on plastic recycling?

A. Plastic recycling is necessary and effective.

B. Large amounts of money are spent on recycling.

C. The companies try to promote the sales of new material.

D. The companies prefer to sell recycled material rather than new materials.


30. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

A. Most people have a sense of responsibility.

B. Plenty of rubbish is dropped into the ocean.

C. Fighting against pollution calls for joint efforts.

D. Systematic change was made to reduce pollution.


31. Which is probably the best title for the text?

A. Plastic recycling: a trick in industries.

B. Plastic recycling: a benefit to the public.

C. Plastic recycling: a way to reduce pollution.

D. Plastic recycling: a popularity among people.


D

In November 2019, a scientist was sitting in the jungle of Gabon, watching a chimpanzee inspect her son's wounded foot. Suddenly, she quickly caught an insect out of the air, squeezed it in her mouth, and then put it carefully in the cut. In the months that followed, the scientists followed chimpanzees with a wound. Repeatedly, they saw them put insects into it-- applying, removing and reapplying them to the injury as If squeezing out the goodness.


They were, the scientists guessed, using the insects to medicate. "What we think Is that maybe they're mixing it with their saliva(唾液)and pressing something out of the insect", said Simone Pika, from the University of Osnabruck, in Germany. There are some substances that might have anti-inflammatory(消炎的)or pan-killing functions. "


The findings have been published in the journal Current Biology. It is the first time that such behavior has been documented in chimpanzees, although other apes have been known-to "self-medicate" using plants.

So far. the researchers haven't found out how chimpanzees formed such behavior. Pika thinks it is possible that the behavior developed by chance, perhaps because a chimpanzee rubbed an insect into a wound for fun but accidentally found T helped relieve the pain, or seemed to make it heal faster. Afterwards, others may have copied it.


Now Pika and her colleagues want to try to identify the insect and work out what it does. Another option, she admits, is that the insect makes no difference at all, and it is simply a cultural practice that has become fashionable. While it might seem odd that chimpanzees would rub insects into their wounds, we fail to judge whether it is helpful in healing the injuries.


32. Why did chimpanzees apply insects to wounds according to the scientists?

A. For experiment. B. For amusement.

C. For physical growth.  D. For medical treatment.


33 What does paragraph four mainly talk about?

A. The effective cures for chimpanzees' injuries.

B. The possible explanation for chimpanzees' behavior.

C. The solutions for chimpanzees to prevent insect bites.

D The function of the insects to treat chimpanzees' wounds.


34. What is the author's attitude to the chimpanzees' behavior?

A. Uncertain. B. Convinced. C Negative. D. Critical.


35. Which is the author's purpose in writing the text?

A. To persuade readers to care more about chimpanzees.

B. To inform readers of chimpanzees' strange behavior.

C. To tell readers insects can relieve pain and treat injuries.

D. To encourage readers to observe chimpanzees in the wild.


第二节 (共 5小题, 每小题 2. 5分, 满分 12. 5分)


阅读下列短文, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。

The popularity of Facebook has caused a shift in how people realize themselves; the "like" button has become nothing more than a self-esteem(自尊)booster. 36__________. It can take years and years, but there are shortcuts you can use to achieve it.

37__________________. You're not arrogant(自大的) if you love yourself. In fact, arrogance is often the foundation of low self-esteem and insecurity. Try this exercise: stand in front of the mirror and tell your reflection everything you love about yourself. Accept what you don't like about yourself. This may feel uncomfortable at first, but change often does.


Do you socialise with negative people? 38__________. This may seem unfair, but those negative people will simply strengthen what you don't like about yourself. People like to socialise with happy, positive people. The happiest people in life are the ones that look at what they have, not what they don't have.


There are a lot of people who aren't aware they have a negative voice in their head. 39__________

Whenever you hear a negative comment, immediately replace it with a positive one. Your brain is like a computer: whatever command you input, it responds, so if you ask it a question like "why do I always mess up?" your brain will find plenty of examples to support it.


Celebrating your successes is another good way. We're often so busy in life that we seldom take the time to stop and really reflect on what we've achieved. Take the time once a day to ask yourself what you're proud of having achieved that day.

40_________________. Remember that it's not the outcome that's always important, but the process.

A. Learn to love yourself.

B. Catch your negative self-talk.

C. Appreciate how far you've come.

D. If so, consider finding new friends,

E, When self-esteem is high, we lose our fear of envy

F. Of course not, few people like socialising with negative people.

G. But what's important is to develop high self-esteem from inner.


第二部分 语言运用(共两节, 满分30分)


第一节∶(共15小题;每小题1分, 满分 15分)


阅读下面短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

The home crowd erupted when China's Gu Ailing won the women's big air free skiing gold in Beijing.

With the 41 score of 188. 25 points, Gu came back from third place to take gold as the event 42 its first Olympic appearance. Gu got 93. 75 points in her smooth first attempt,43 accomplishing what contributed to her World Cup success in US, 2021. Then, under the 44 of getting only 88. 50 points in the second run. she fascinated everyone with the biggest turn of the event in her third one, 45 94. 


50 points.

"It all paid of! I've dreamt about it for years!" said Gu Ailing

With a Chinese mother and an American father, Gu was born and 46 in San Francisco, She got trained as an athlete in US. 47, it was shocking news to US sports experts that she announced in 2019 that she would . 48 China, for it's her dream.

Gu is outstanding in both skiing and academic performance. She graduated from the San Francisco University High School. Then, boasting a


49 SAT score of 1580 out of a possible 1600, she is enrolled at Stanford University, where she is 50 start her studies in the fall of 2022.


She 51 herself in just two years of international competition, winning her first World Cup event in 2019 before 52 gold medals at the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics.


She tries to inspire youngsters to step out of the comfort zone by setting examples, Gu remarks, "Meeting difficulty in skiing with 53 arms, I hope to improve my performance and win more gold medals. "Besides, she also says her biggest 54 has always been herself while overcoming hardship and challenging the 55.


41. A. rareB. importantC. extraD. combined


42. A. workedB. madeC. showedD. built


43. A. interestinglyB. slightlyC. easilyD. certainly


44. A. pressureB. applauseC. controlD. cheers


45. A. creatingB. scoringC. beatingD. arriving


46. A. broughtB. nursedC. raisedD. cared


47. A. OtherwiseB. BesidesC. HoweverD. Therefore


48. A. compete forB. apply forC. team up withD. catch up with


49. A. nationalB. reasonableC. poorD. remarkable


50. A. used toB. likely toC. due toD. owing to


51. A. achievedB. establishedC. declaredD. provided


52. A. gainingB. maintainingC. prayingD. demanding


53. A. strongB. openC. foldedD. brave


54. A. rivalB. partnerC. playerD. friend


55. A. newB. fantasticC. terribleD. impossible


第二节 (共10小题;每小题1. 5分, 满分15分)


阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The Tianshan Tuomuer Grand Canyon is about 25 kilometers long from east to west and 20 kilometers wide from north to south. It consists of three main 56________(valley)in the shape of the Chinese character "川". 57________(locate)in the northwest of Xinjang at the foot of Tuomur Peak, it is also known 58__________ "Kuduluk Grand Canyon", 59__________ means "hilling and mysterious "in Uygur(维吾尔语). It is the only way to the ancient post road in the northern and southern Tianshan Mountains.

On June 21, 2013, the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang 60__________(list) as a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site. The area in which the Tuomur Grand Canyon lies is the 61________ (large) among the four places in the Tianshan Mountains, 62__________ (account) for 59. 87 percent of the whole site.


With its red canyons set against the snow-capped mountains in the distance, the dreamlike landscape 63_______(complete)makes visitors lost in the beautiful and impressive view of nature. At night, you can see the stars. Remember that the temperature difference there is very large. While wearing short sleeves at noon, evenings may require 64_______ down jacket and other warm clothes. There is no tour bus service, but visitors can drive to the canyon by 65_________ (they) or hire a bus Apart from it, Xinjiang is in possession of many appealing tourist spots, attracting a good number of visitors at home and abroad.


第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分40分)


第一节 (满分15分)


假定你是学生会主席, 最近你校将举行以"参加一项体育运动"为主题的倡议活动。请你代表学生会给你校的国际交换生写一封倡议书, 内容包括∶


1. 活动目的;2. 活动内容; 3. 呼吁参与。

注意∶1. 写作词数应为80左右;2. 请在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Dear international exchange students,

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Students' Union


第二节∶(满分25分)

阅读下面材料根据其内容和所给及落开头语续写两段, 使之构成一篇完整的短文。

"Mary, I hate to call Rob in the mornings. He’s growing so fast and he needs his sleep. If you could see how sound he sleeps when l go m to wake him up! I wish I could manage alone. "


"Well, you can't, Adam. "His mother's voice was quick and light. "Besides, he isn't a child any more. It's time he took his turn. "

"Yes, "his father said slowly, "But I sure do hate to wake him. "


A few days before Christmas that year when he was fifteen, Rob heard these words. and something in him spoke: his father loved him! He had never thought of that before, for neither his father nor his mother talked about loving their children—they had no time for such things. There was always so much to do on the farm.


They were poor, and most of the excitement for Christmas was in the turkey and the pies his mother made. His sisters sewed presents and his mother and father always bought him something he needed, not only a warm jacket, maybe, but something more, such as a book. And he saved and bought them each something, too.


He had gone to the ten-cent store and bought a tie as usual. It had seemed nice enough until he lay thinking the night before Christmas. He wished that he had a better present for his father.


A thought struck him like a silver lightning. Why should he not give his father a special gift in the barn(牛棚)?He could getup early, earlier than four o'clock and he could move quietly and slowly into the barn and get all the milking done. He'd do it alone, milk and clean up, and then when his father went in to start the milking, he'd see it all done. He laughed to himself as he gazed at the stars, it was what he would do, and he mustn't sleep too sound.


注意∶

1. 所续写短文的词数应为 150左右;

2. 续写部分分为两段, 每段的开头语已为你写好。

Paragraph 1

At a quarter to three, he got up and put on his clothes.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


Paragraph 2:

Back in his room, he had only a minute to pull off his clothes in the darkness and jumped into bed, for he heard his father up.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


2022年下半年自考英语二模拟题(一)参考答案


第一部分 阅读(共两节, 满分 50 分


第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2. 5 分, 满分 37. 5 分)


阅读A∶21-23 ACB


阅读B∶24-27 CDBC


阅读D∶32-35 DBAB


阅读C∶ 28-31 DCCA


第二节 (共5小题, 每小题 2. 5 分, 满分 12. 5分)


七选五 36-40 GADBC


第二部分 语言运用(共两节, 满分30分)


第一节∶(共15小题;每小题1分, 满分15分)


完形填空

41-45 DBCAB 46-50 CDADC51-55 BABAD


第二节 (共10小题;每小题1. 5分, 满分15分)


语法填空∶

56. valleys 57. Located 58. as59. which 60. was listed

61. largest62. accounting63. completely 64. a65. themselves


第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分40分)


第一节∶(满分15分)(101words)

Dear international exchange students,

A campaian named Doing A Sport is being launched in our school, aiming to enrich our school life and strengthen our bodies.

Currently, students tend to spend time on digital devices rather than sports after class, causing problems like more shortsightedness and frequent colds. Therefore, every student is recommended to take up a sport. athletics or b all games. To make it more likely to work wonders in improving our physical health, we're supposed to practice on a daily basis

It's high time we dropped our smart phones and took action. Come on an d share your sport practices on the school website.

Students' Union


第二节 ∶(满分25分)

Possible version: (165 word)

At a quarter to three, he got up and put on his clothe. He crept downstairs careful of the creaky boards, and let himself out. The cows looked at him, sleepy and surprised. It was early for them, too. He had never milked all alone before, but the task went more easily than he had ever known it to go before. Milking for once was not a chore. It was something else, a gift to his father w ho loved him. He finished, the two milk cans were full, and he covered them and closed the milkhouse door carefully.

Back in his room, he had only a minute to pull off his clothes in the darkness and jumped into bed, for he heard his father up. The door opened and his father woke him as usual. "Aw-right, " he said sleepily. The door closed and he la y still, laughing to himself. Then a few minutes later, the door opened again and his father was standing by his bed, feeling for him, pulling away the cover. "Rob, I thank you. Nobody ever did a nicer thing. ", He found his father and he ld him tightly in a great hug. "It's for Christmas, Dad!-His heart was bursting with love.


本次读后续写评卷注意如下∶


注意续文与前文的协同性∶主题协同、内容协同、语言协同。


一、主题协同∶注意挖掘文中对父子之爱、特别礼物的温暖等主题意义与价值。


二、内容协同∶从前文提到的儿子希望给父亲不一样的圣诞礼物可知, 儿子R ob想在圣诞节早上提前帮辛劳的父亲把牛奶挤好, 给他一个惊喜。Rob最近早起帮忙, 可推断他对于milking的工作有一些了解, 因此续文段落1着重描写Ro b挤牛奶以及挤完牛奶后做了什么, 续文段落2应该以父亲和Rob的互动为主要描写对象, 突出父亲发现牛奶已经被挤好后的感动, 并回归到父子在互动中感受到的父子之爱。特别注意∶Rob的家庭本身就不富裕(poor), 如果牛奶挤不好会造成实际的经济损失, 会让家庭雪上加霜。因此这篇文章最好的写法是R ob成功帮助父亲挤好了牛奶, 真正帮助了父亲, 而不是一些同学可能会写的挤奶过程中出现各种状况, 否则对于一个贫穷的家庭来说, 尤其是圣诞的早上, 再多的爱也很难高兴得起来。


三、语言协同∶语言应该与前文所用语言基本保持一致。


1、续文中的语言描写最好用直接引语;


2、续文沿用前文的第三人称;


3、续文中应该至少有心理描写、语言描写、动作描写;

续文中语法结构可参考前文用过的非谓语动词作状语、定语从句、并列多个谓语、It形式主语等。


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